Rollovers to IRAs – Rules, Tips and Alerts
Here, I will focus on rollovers that come from qualified plans such as 401(k), pension and profit sharing plans. The rollover will be to a traditional IRA or Roth IRA. Confining the explanation to a common rollover scenario keeps it simple by eliminating a discussion of the many other rollover situations.
You have worked hard, built up a big 401(k) and are ready to retire. Your plan is to roll your 401(k) into an IRA. What are the rules? What are your choices? What are the cautions?
The transfer of assets from your 401(k) to an IRA must https://objects-us-east-1.dream.io/can-gold-ira/can-i-hold-a-gold-etf-in-an-ira.html be completed within 60 days. Failure to do so within this time frame would treat your intended rollover as a distribution. This would subject it to taxation and, if you are under age 59 1/2, a 10% premature distribution penalty.
If you are unfortunate enough to have your plan assets invested in an institution in bankruptcy, the IRS will cut you some slack. While your money is frozen, the 60 day clock isn’t running. While this may not come into play very often, it’s reassuring to know.
The cleanest way to do the rollover is to do a trustee-to-trustee transfer. If you receive the qualified plan proceeds personally, 20% withholding is required.
Until 2008, you only have two IRA choices to accept your qualified plan rollover: A traditional IRA or a SEP IRA. You can’t roll it over to a Roth IRA.
The Pension Protection Act of 2006 provides that rollovers from qualified plans can be rolled over to a Roth IRA starting after 2007. Until then, there is a work-around. You will need to roll your plan assets over to either a traditional IRA or SEP IRA and then roll that into a Roth IRA. In any case, remember that when the assets are rolled into a Roth IRA, they are taxable.